מחקר הבוחן את הניסיון האישי והצרכים הייחודיים של אנשים עם נכויות פיזיות בהקשר של חשיפה לאירועי טרור ומלחמה
כותבי המאמר: גלקופף מרק, שפיגלמן כרמית נועה
שנת פרסום: 2017
The experiences and needs of individuals with disabilities exposed to chronic political violence
Authors: Carmit-Noa Shpigelman, Marc Gelkopf.
Journal: Disability and Rehabilitation, Vol 39,1, 23-35.
The main objective of this study was to understand, describe and map the experiences, challenges and needs of individuals with lifelong disabilities, who have been exposed to chronic politically violent events (terror, war or continuous missile attacks) in Israel.
The study was conducted within the qualitative-constructivist paradigm. Three focus groups consisting of 18 individuals with lifelong disabilities were conducted; each focus group included a specific disability type (physical, visual and hearing impairment).
The participants reported encountering environmental barriers, such as inaccessibly of the physical environment and information as well as dependency on others. These barriers limited the participants’ functioning during emergency period and thus increased their level of distress. The participants also emphasized their physical, social and psychological needs.
The needs of individuals with disabilities in emergency situations can be met if they have a safe place to stay in, are with someone else, and plan every daily action in advance. It is also imperative to provide accessible services and information. Furthermore, it is recommended to develop training sessions for individuals with disabilities and for service providers regarding how to locate, communicate with and assist individuals with disabilities during security threat situations.